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La Liga Fans in Northern Nigeria Flag-Off New Season in Grand Style

La Liga Fans, Northern Nigeria, New Season

*Mutiu Adepoju Calls for Restraint

La Liga fans drawn from cities in Northern Nigeria on Sunday stormed Kano city to commemorate the opening weekend of the 2020/2021 season of the Spanish league.

The meeting held amidst pomp and pageantry attracted top La Liga fans who reiterated their love and joy towards the league.

The fans watched as Villarreal forced a draw 1-1 at home to promoted Huesca to mark their celebration of the commencement of the new season.

Former Super Eagles maestro and La Liga brand ambassador, Mutiu Adepoju, at the meeting expressed his happiness over the huge followership that is been  enjoyed by the league  courtesy of the huge number of followers of the league in  Kano and other parts of Northern Nigeria.

Adepoju further expressed his admiration over the conduct of the fans in the past, enjoining La Liga addicts to continue to foster unity among themselves even in the face of football hostilities.

He cautioned that the season has just kicked off, urging La Liga fans to always restrain themselves from indulging in acts that would dent the image of their well cherished league.

The headmaster, as he is fondly called in his hey days, said he is in Kano in his capacity as La Liga ambassador on the mission to boost the relationship between football fans in Nigeria and La Liga.

He disclosed that packages would be unveiled to further strengthen the bond between La Liga and its fans residing in Northern Nigeria, adding that Kano would serve as the rallying point.

In his remarks, Babs Sherif Abdallah said “Kano is the home of La Liga league. This is the starting point. More benefits will come to La Liga fans in Kano and Northern Nigeria.

Prominent amongst  sports dignitaries  that graced  the meeting were, Kano state commissioner for youths and sports, Kabiru Lakwaya, represented by  Director Technical, Kano state sports commission, Bashari Ahmed Maizare;  Nollywood/Kannywood  frontline actor, Ali Nuhu; executive member, Nigeria Football Federation,  Shariff Rabiu Inuwa Ahlan; chairman, Kano Pillars fans club, Bashir Muazu Jide,  among others.

Tying the Tariffs to the Time of Transformation

Bala Ibrahim, There’s Way, No Will, Fight Corruption, Nigeria
Bala Ibrahim

By Bala Ibrahim

The NTA programe Good morning Nigeria has done it again today, as dutiful Kingsley and Claire hosted the minister of state petroleum, Temipre Sylva in the studio, and the minister of finance, Zainab Ahmed via zoom. The topic was a continuation of the matters arising from the fuel price hike brouhaha.

In her characteristic posture of speaking with the seriousness of a sincere person, minister Zainab elaborated on reasons for deregulation, saying the aim is for the government to leave the market to the market forces, and not continue strangulating it through undue regulations. She said deregulation entails overseeing and supervising the economy in a manner that would largely be a hands-off approach by the government, which would limit it’s role mainly to oversight.

In essence, this means the government does not interfere with the businesses in a day-to-day manner, and act only when specific complaints against businesses are brought before it. With deregulation, the government would not set prices of the product, rather, they would be determined by the market forces of demand and supply.

All over the world, deregulation has been the way to go, because encouragement is given for the markets to globalize their economies and open up to foreign competition, as well as liberalize their economies internally. That way, domestic firms are able to compete freely without the heavy hand of the government.

The minister gave example of the benefits derivable from the establishment of the Dangote refinery at the Lagos Lekki Free-trade zone for example, which is an area where goods would land, be manufactured or reconfigured, and re-exported without the intervention of government revenue agencies like the customs service.

Apart from improving on local content and providing employment to Nigerians, by virture of proximity and the advantage of location, the refinery would reduce the burden of fuel freight and make buyers enjoy the advantage of low cost of production.

Particularly interesting is the good news from the minister of state petroleum, Timipre Sylva, that the proceeds of tariffs are going to be used to kick start the process of converting vehicles from the single use of petrol, to the dual use of petrol and gas. This he said would commence from October, and at no cost and no harm to the vehicle owner.

He said President Buhari is so concerned about the welfare and well being of the ordinary man, hence his long term resistence to deregulation. But having been convinced about it’s merits and inevitability, the President submitted, but insisted that the customer must be given a choice.

Under the arrangement of conversion, vehicle owners would be encouraged to take their vehicles for conversion to accomodate the use of gas, which is cheaper, cleaner and enviromentaly friendlier.

Emphasizing that everything that can run on petrol fuel, can also run on gas, including the small generator popular called “I pass my neighbor”, minister Temipre said deregulation would also help fix camatose refineries, that would make the supply of both the petrol and gas easy and competitive.

Another interesting takeaway from the talk is the revelation that under the planned deregulation, investors’ interest would not be limited to Upstream or Downstream operations, where only those with heavy capital can partake in exploration and production, or refining. Now people would be free to partake in the midstream, which is the processing, storing, transporting and marketing of oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids through the pipelines.

The president is therefore puting the country on a journey from crude oil to gas, with the ultumate intention of arriving at the point of using renewable energy, one day.

It is important to note that, while deregulation brings many advantages to businesses, especially because the businesses are left to themselves to determine their operational processes and strategic importance without government’s interference, it is not to say everything goes without some pitfalls.

There are some disadvantages, which may come from too much liberalization in the form of the businesses having more power than before, leading to arrogance towards the consumers, especially those who cannot pay more for products because of their socio-economic condition.

We have seen that with some telecom service providers, after the privatisation of the telecom industry, but the government can quickly deal with that through prompt legislation and additiinal incentives that would trigger more competition. That way, the consumer can still be the biggest beneficiary, provided he cashes in on his ability to choose.

The interactivity of the programe permitted people to comment through twitter, and I found one of the comments most arousing in interest and curiosity. Someone raised the issue of deregulation coming to exacerbate the conflict of interest between the bourgeoisie and those in the working-class. He felt the market would be for the rich, while the poor would emerge only as a victim.

But the minister was quick to point out that, the reverse may even be the case, because deregulation would benefit the consumers more, as they can directly participate in efficient purchase and efficient consumer behavior, which would in turn reward them with superior customer service, propelled by competition.

He gave example with Kerozine, which was long deregulated, but no one is complaining, despite the fact that it’s the main fuel or comodity of the common man.

Yes, while I see today’s show as exposing the hypocracy of the elites, some of whom are complicit in the collective scam against the poor, I call on the government to be more circumspect, in the management of the flow of forex under Emefiele as the CBN governor.

We should clap our hands in applaud of the government, for tying the tariffs to a transition that would see the transformation of the economy from clumsy and expensive petrol, to cheap, clean and graceful gas.

Indeed the show was well presented, but as usual, the producer, who happened to be Ibrahim Wada, was again unacknowledged. But I hereby acknowledge and applaud him on my own.

Mr Ibrahim writes from Abuja.

IHRC Appoints Maisamari Legal Adviser in Kano

IHRC, Appoints Maisamari, Legal Adviser

IHRC Appoints Maisamari Legal Adviser

International Human Rights Commission (IHRC) on Saturday appointed a Kano-based legal practitioner, Sani Maiyaki Maisamari as its legal adviser in Kano state.

His appointment was signed by the IHRC coordinator/special envoy, Amadi Darligton C. for the IHRC-Nigerian committee.

Maisamari’s appointment was, according to the commission, due to his innumerable contributions to the building of the Nigerian nation, his trusted sense of judgment and his sincere stance on critical issues on the local, national and global context.

The commission said all the attributes it noticed in the lawyer are “in tandem with the lofty ideals of the IHRC.”

The lawyer told Judicial Sketch he received his appointment with relish, saying he would try to justify the confidence that the IHRC has in him.

Miasamari obtained his Bachelor’s Degree in Law from Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) and is currently pursuing his Masters Degree in ICT Law.

He was the head of ABU legal clinic in 2014 and 2015; president legal aid CDS group from 2017 t0 2018; secretary of the Prestige Legal Clinic and an associate at the law firm of Prestige Solicitors and Associates.

The principal of his law firm, Ma’ruf Muhammad Yakasai told Judicial Sketch he has no doubt Maisamari earned the confidence the IHRC has in him and would not fail in his duties.

Some of his colleagues in the legal profession have said he possesses the capabilities to handle the job, observing that hard-work, devotion and good human relations form part of the tools that would see him through.

Part of his duties is to accelerate the activities of the International Human Rights Commission in Kano state, and the commission has made it clear that failure to meet this requirement may lead to the cancellation of the appointment.

Maisamari insisted that he plans to succeed.


Man, 30, in Police Net For Diverting Covid-19 Dangote Noodles

Man, Police Net, Divert, Covid-19 Noodles
Nigeria's inspector-general of police, Mohammed Adamu

The Kano police command has a apprehended a 30-year old businessman, Yusuf Abdullahi for involving in the alleged diversion of COVID-19 palliatives.

The commissioner of police, Kano command, CP Habu Sani, while parading the suspected businessman at the police headquarters in Bompai on Wednesday said the suspect criminally diverted COVID-19 palliatives that has a street value of N4, 111, 800 (four million, one hundred and eleven thousand, eight hundred naira).

He alleged that the diverted noodles were designated for distribution to COVID-19 beneficiaries in Benue state.

The CP said “the noodles that were recovered from the suspect have it boldly written on it ‘not for sale’. The suspect was arrested by our men after we received information about his involvement in the illegal activity.”

CP Habu further said “one thousand nine hundred fifty eight of Dangote branded   noodles meant for Benue state palliatives valued four million, one hundred and eleven thousand eight hundred were recovered out of 3, 850 cartons diverted and sold.”Man, Police Net, Divert, Covid-19, Noodles

The suspect, Yusuf, in an exclusive interview with Judicial Sketch disclosed that the allegations leveled against him were true. He disclosed that he is a foodstuff dealer at the popular Kano Singer market. He agreed the noodles were found in his possession by the police.

He said “I knew that the noodles were meant for distribution as palliatives.  What happened was that some people after receiving the noodles as palliatives, they will bring it to me to exchange for them for other type of food stuffs. They exchanged the noodles for rice, semovita and spaghetti. That was what transpired before someone who bought the noodles from me now went and reported to the police, leading to my arrest.

Pregnant Woman Slaps Police DPO for Assaulting Daughter

Pregnant Woman, Slaps, Police DPO, Assaulting Daughter
Nigeria's inspector-general of police, Mohammed Adamu

A pregnant woman, Bilkisu Hassan, resident of Kurna quarters in Kano metropolis has been detained by the police for allegedly slapping a divisional police officer (DPO).

Speaking on Wednesday in an interview with journalists, the woman who confessed to have committed the alleged crime said, “my children and the children of my neighbor had a quarrel, they were taken to police station.

“When we were at the police station, my daughter’s mobile phone rang, when she was receiving the call, a man in mufti walked into the police station. He started quarrelling my daughter for making phone calls within police premises. He then assaulted her.

“I did not know who he was, I got provoked seeing him slap my daughter for making phone call.  I approached him and I retaliated by slapping him back. Before you know it the police men descended on me and my daughter. We were seriously battered by the policemen at the station. Later, we were dragged into an office where we met the man that slapped my daughter. Then we were informed that the man in mufti is the DPO of the police division.”

According to an eyewitness, Hajiya Mariam, also a resident of Kurna quarters, she had dragged the pregnant woman, Bilkisu and her children to the police station for allegedly assaulting her own children when the drama occurred.

She said “I witnessed what happened. Actually, she slapped the DPO in my presence.”

When contacted, spokesman of the Nigeria Police, Kano command, Dsp Abdullahi Haruna Kiyawa declined to comment on the matter, simply saying “the matter is sub-judice because the matter has been charged to court.”

AGF Lacks Power to Cancel NBA Seal, Stamp, Former GS Says

AGF, Lacks Power, Cancel, NBA Seal, Stamp, Former GS
Nigeria's Attorney-General, Abubakar Malami

The attorney-general of the federation, Abubakar Malami can not cancel provisions of the Rules of Professional Conduct (RPC) especially those concerning stamp and seal.

A former general secretary of the NBA, Mazi Afam Osigwe, explained in a piece he circulated widely that it was not possible to the AGF to unilaterally amend the RPC, as those conferred with the powers to do do so by law have not met to deliberate on it.

Read his full statement:


My attention has just been drawn to a document widely circulating in the social media which purports to be the Rules of Professional Conduct for Legal Practitioners (Amendment) Rules 2020.

The Document claims that in the exercise of the powers conferred on him by Section 12(4) of the Legal Practitioners Act, the Attorney General of the Federation has amended the Rules of Professional Conduct for Legal Practitioners, 2007 by deleting Rules 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13. A close look at Section 12(4) of LPA referred to as well as the fact that the Bar Council which has the power to make any such amendment, has never met, shows why the document should be discountenanced.

Section 12(4) of the Legal Practitioners Act (LPA) vests the power to make Rules regulating the Conduct of Legal Practitioners is vested on the General Council of the Bar (“the Bar Council”). As provided by Section 1(1) of the LPA, General Council of the Bar shall be charged with the general management of the affairs of the Nigerian Bar Association (subject to any limitations for the time being provided by the constitution of the association) and with any functions conferred on the council by this Act or that constitution.

The Bar Council consists of-

(a) the Attorney-General of the Federation, who shall be the president of the council;

(b) the Attorneys-General of the States; and

(c) twenty members of the association.

The twenty members representing the Nigerian Bar Association were elected at the Association’s Annual General Meeting held in Abuja on August 27, 2015.

The Attorney General of the Federation has not convened a meeting of the Bar Council. The Bar Council has neither considered nor approved any proposed amendment to the Rules of Professional Conduct for Legal Practitioners 2007. Even though the Attorney General of the Federation is the President of the Bar Council, he cannot unilaterally exercise the powers of the Council.

I will therefore like to believe that the Rules of Professional Conduct for Legal Practitioners (Amendment) Rules 2020 which is in circulation on social media, lacks credibility.”

Trump Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize

Donald Trump, Nominated, Nobel Peace Prize

US president, Donald Trump may be heading for a Nobel prize as reports have it that he has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize due to his role in brokering a peace deal between Israel and the United Arab Emirates.

Fox News reported that Christian Tybring-Gjedde, a member of the Norwegian Parliament and chairman of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly submitted the nomination.

“For his merit, I think he has done more trying to create peace between nations than most other Peace Prize nominees,” Tybring-Gjedde told Fox News.

In his letter to the Nobel Committee, Tybring-Gjedde wrote that the Trump administration has played a key role in the establishment of relations between the two nations.

“As it is expected other Middle Eastern countries will follow in the footsteps of the UAE, this agreement could be a game-changer that will turn the Middle East into a region of cooperation and prosperity,” he wrote, Fox News reported.

Tybring-Gjedde also cited Trump’s “key role in facilitating contact between conflicting parties and … creating new dynamics in other protracted conflicts, such as the Kashmir border dispute between India and Pakistan, and the conflict between North and South Korea, as well as dealing with the nuclear capabilities of North Korea.”

He commended Trump for withdrawing a large number of forces from the Middle East.

“Indeed, Trump has broken a 39-year-old streak of American Presidents either starting a war or bringing the United States into an international armed conflict. The last president to avoid doing so was Peace Prize laureate Jimmy Carter,” he wrote.

The president last month made the announcement of the historic peace agreement that would pave the way for full normalization of relations between Israel and the UAE.

With the agreement, the UAE becomes the third Arab country, after Egypt and Jordan, to have full diplomatic ties with the Jewish state.

Since the deal was made public, Israel signaled that it is willing to explore business opportunities with the UAE, specifically in the areas of commercial space and high tech.

Trump was reported to have complained about the prize, noting that his predecessor, Barack Obama, had won it.

“They gave it to Obama. He didn’t even know what he got it for. He was there for about 15 seconds and he got the Nobel Prize. He said, ‘Oh, what did I get it for?’” Trump said in February 2019.

“With me, I probably will never get it”, he said

Japanese Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe, has also nominated Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize after receiving a request from the US government to do so, according to reports.

According to the official Nobel website, there were 318 candidates for the 2020 Peace Prize. The winner of the prize for 2021 will not be announced until October of next year.

What is Clean Energy Transition and How Does Nuclear Power Fit In?

Clean Energy, Transition, Nuclear Power

By Nicole Jawerth

The world needs energy to support everyday life and drive human and economic development. In 2019, over 26 000 terawatt-hours of electricity were produced worldwide. This electricity is being produced by a range of energy sources, mostly fossil fuels but also nuclear power and renewables such as solar, hydro and wind.

Energy production and use are the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions around the world. As greenhouse gases are a driving force behind climate change, countries worldwide are actively working on a clean energy transition by changing how energy is produced.

Here’s a closer look at the clean energy transition and what role nuclear power plays. This is also the central topic of this year’s IAEA Scientific Forum taking place from 22 to 23 September in Vienna, Austria. Leading scientists and experts from around the world will meet over two days to examine how nuclear power’s science-based solutions can play a pivotal role in paving the way for a sustainable future.

What is the ‘clean energy transition’?

The clean energy transition means shifting energy production away from sources that release a lot of greenhouse gases, such as fossil fuels, to those that release little to no greenhouse gases. Nuclear power, hydro, wind and solar are some of these clean sources.

The direction of the global transition to clean energy was agreed in the Paris Agreement, an international deal between over 180 countries that are part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The agreement’s central aim is to limit the increase in global average temperatures to well below 2°C relative to pre-industrial levels by encouraging the use of low carbon energy sources to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

With around two thirds of the world’s electricity still coming from burning fossil fuels, reaching these climate goals by 2050 will require at least 80% of electricity to be shifted to low carbon sources, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA).

What are greenhouse gases, global warming and climate change?

Greenhouse gases are gases in the Earth’s atmosphere that trap and let off heat. These gases include carbon dioxide, methane, water vapour, nitrous oxide and ozone. As they absorb and radiate heat back to Earth, it causes the planet’s average temperature to go up.

Although some greenhouse gases come from natural sources, most now come from people. Since the Industrial Revolution in the late 1800s, greenhouse gas emissions have gone up owing to an increase in human activities, primarily from burning fossil fuels, such as when driving a gasoline-fuelled car or burning coal to produce heat. When fossil fuels burn, they let off carbon dioxide.

For over 100 years, greenhouse gases have been accumulating much faster than they can dissipate, which, according to the most accredited scientific theories, has sped up the increase in the average global temperature. This is called global warming.

Global warming is causing environmental changes, such as more extreme weather patterns, erratic rainfall, drought and unpredictable season changes. These changes are known as climate change. With the current fast pace of global warming, climate change and its effects are expected to become more extreme and make it more difficult to live on Earth.

How does nuclear power fit into the clean energy transition?

Nuclear power is the second-largest source of low carbon energy used today to produce electricity, following hydropower. During operation, nuclear power plants produce almost no greenhouse gas emissions. According to the IEA, the use of nuclear power has reduced carbon dioxide emissions by more than 60 gigatonnes over the past 50 years, which is almost two years’ worth of global energy-related emissions.


Nuclear power accounts for around 10% of the world’s electricity and for around one third of global low carbon electricity. Currently, there are 440 nuclear power reactors in operation in 30 countries. There are 54 reactors under construction in 19 countries, including 4 countries that are building their first nuclear reactors.

As they can operate at full capacity nearly uninterrupted, nuclear power plants can provide a continuous and reliable supply of energy. This is in contrast to variable renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, which require back-up power during their output gaps, such as when the sun sets or the wind stops blowing.

Nuclear power plants can also operate flexibly to meet fluctuations in energy demand and provide stability to electrical grids, particularly those with high shares of variable renewable sources (learn more here). Some nuclear power plants are now being designed to also provide non-electric services, such as hydrogen production. These services can help to decarbonize other sectors, in addition to electricity production.

As progress on nuclear power technologies continues, it has led to innovative, advanced and next generation reactor designs that are helping to make nuclear power a more efficient, affordable and attractive option for decarbonization. A new era of smaller, more flexible, and, in some cases, transportable reactor designs are also expected to help make nuclear power and its non-electric applications more accessible and cost-effective, especially for remote and hard-to-reach parts of the globe (learn more here).

How does nuclear power work?

Nuclear power is electricity produced through the controlled release of nuclear energy, which is the energy that holds the centre of atoms together. These centres are called nuclei. Nuclear energy is released, ultimately as heat, by nuclear fission, which is the process of splitting the nuclei of specific materials. The most commonly used material is uranium, a weakly radioactive heavy metal found naturally in the Earth’s crust.

The uranium is normally loaded into fuel rods, often after it has been enriched to increase its capability to fission. These rods are placed inside a nuclear reactor.

When used in a pressurized water reactor, which is the most common type of nuclear power reactor currently in operation worldwide, the fuel rods are placed inside the reactor’s vessel, which is filled with water. There, the fuel rods are bombarded with nuclear particles called neutrons, which are initially generated by a device (neutron source) inside the reactor. These neutrons cause the uranium nuclei in the fuel rods to split, releasing energy and neutrons. These newly released neutrons cause other uranium nuclei in the fuel rods to split, and so on, creating a nuclear fission chain reaction.

In pressurized water reactors, the energy released during nuclear fission heats up the fuel rods and the surrounding water. The water is kept pressurized to prevent boiling, and the heat is instead piped off to boil water in a nearby vessel. The boiling water produces steam, which is used to turn a giant turbine at very high speeds. The turbine is connected to a generator that also spins, producing electricity. The electricity then flows to a power grid, which is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from producers to consumers.

Nuclear fission continues until control rods made of materials that absorb neutrons without generating additional fissions, such as cadmium, are inserted between the fuel rods. This stops the nuclear fission chain reaction.


Khashoggi’s Murder Mastermind Walks Free, As Human Rights Expert Condemns Saudi’s Justice System

Khashoggi, Murder Mastermind, Walks Free, Human Rights Expert, Condemns Saudi, Justice System

An independent UN human rights investigator called the overturned verdict of Saudi Arabia’s prosecutor in the 2018 murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey a “parody of justice” that spared “high-level” plotters.

At a regular press briefing on Tuesday, Rupert Colville, spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, (OHCHR), quoted Agnes Callamard, the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Executions, in saying, “they came at the end of a process which was neither fair nor just, or transparent”.

In October 2018, the 59-year-old columnist for The Washington Post was killed and dismembered at the kingdom’s consulate in Istanbul. Saudi prosecutors in Riyadh had convicted eight people for the brutal murder.

However, on Monday, a Saudi court overturned five death sentences in a final ruling that jailed eight defendants for between seven and 20 years, according to Saudi State media.

Asked by a journalist from the Anadolu Agency if the UN would condemn the Saudi court’s decision, Mr. Colbert said, “this was a very severe and gruesome crime, a horrendous crime”.

“This is a case where there hasn’t been proper transparency in the justice process and clearly those responsible should be prosecuted, and, and given sentences commensurate with the crime”, he continued.

Recalling the UN’s position against the death penalty, he said that in such cases, “very lengthy jail sentences” would be appropriate.

The press briefing came on the heels of a series of tweets from the independent UN expert who reacted disparagingly to Monday’s verdict.

“The five hitmen are sentenced to 20 years imprisonment, but the high-level officials who organized and embraced the execution of Jamal Khashoggi have walked free from the start – barely touched by the investigation and trial,” Ms. Callamard tweeted.

“As for the individual responsibility of the person on top of the State”, the independent UN expert upheld, “the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, he has remained well protected against any kind of meaningful scrutiny in his country”.

She stated that “the Saudi Prosecutor performed one more act today in this parody of justice”, adding “but these verdicts carry no legal or moral legitimacy”.

Special Rapporteurs and independent experts are appointed by the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council to examine and report back on a specific human rights theme or a country situation. The positions are honorary and the experts are not UN staff, nor are they paid for their work.

UN Agencies Say COVID-19 Puts Children’s Lives at Stake

UN Agencies, COVID-19, Children’s Lives, at Stake

COVID-19 threatens to undo decades of hard-fought progress in reducing deaths of children under the age of five, UN agencies have warned, calling on countries to ensure vital health services for children and women do not falter amid the global crisis.

The number of global under-five deaths dropped to its lowest point on record in 2019 – down to 5.2 million, from 12.5 million in 1990. However, there are fears the numbers could rise on back of COVID-induced disruptions to child and maternal health services, new estimates released on Wednesday, indicate.

Services experiencing disruptions include health checkups, vaccinations, and prenatal and post-natal care. Reasons include resource constraints and a general uneasiness with using health services due to a fear of getting COVID-19, according to the UN agencies.

Over the past 30 years, health services to prevent or treat causes of child death such as preterm, low birth weight, complications during birth, neonatal sepsis, pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria, as well as vaccination, have played a large role in saving millions of lives, added the agencies.

The estimates, contained in the report Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2020, were issued by UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), UN World Health Organization (WHO), the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, and the World Bank Group.

“The fact that today more children live to see their first birthday than any time in history is a true mark of what can be achieved when the world puts health and well-being at the centre of our response,” Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General said.

“Now, we must not let the COVID-19 pandemic turn back remarkable progress for our children and future generations. Rather, it’s time to use what we know works to save lives, and keep investing in stronger, resilient health systems.”